Hadiths sur la bataille du chameau – Al-Jamal

Sahih Al-Bukhari – Edition Al Qalam – Tome 3 – Hadîth 3772 pages 183, 184

Sanad : Mohammad Ibn Bachchâr (al-Basrî) nous a rapporté disant que Ghoundar (Mohammad Ibn Ja‘far al-Basrî) nous a rapporté disant que Chou‘ba (Ibn al-Hajjâj al-Wâsitî al-Basrî) nous a rapporté selon al-Hakam (Ibn ‘Outayba al-Kindî al-Koûfî) qui dit avoir entendu Aboû Wâ’il (Chaqîq Ibn Salama) qui dit :
Matn : Quand ‘Alî (Ibn Abî Tâlib) envoya ‘Ammâr (Ibn Yâsir) et al-Hasan (son fils) pour convaincre les habitants de Koûfa de prendre les armes sous ses drapeaux, ‘Ammâr les harangua et dit entre autres : Je sais bien qu’elle est l’épouse du Prophète (sawas) (visant ‘Â’icha la mère des croyants, Dieu en soit satisfait) ici-bas et dans l’au-delà, mais Dieu vous met à l’épreuve de suivre Sa voie ou la sienne !

Sahih Al-Bukhari – Edition Al Qalam – Tome 5 – Hadith 7100 pages 235, 236

Sanad : ‘Abdallah Ibn Mohammad (Aboû Ja‘far al-Jou‘fï al-Mousnadî) nous a rapporté que Yahyâ Ibn Âdam (al-Koûfî) nous a rapporté que Aboû Bakr Ibn ‘Ayyâch (Ibn Sâlim al-Asadî al-Koûfî) nous a rapporté que Aboû Hasîn (‘Othmân Ibn ‘Âsim al-Asadî) nous a rapporté que Aboû Maryam ‘Abdallah Ibn Ziyâd al-Asadî dit :
Matn : Lorsque Talha (Ibn ‘Oubaydallah Ibn ‘Othmân at-Taymî), az-Zoubayr (Ibn al-‘Awwâm) et ‘A’icha (mère des croyants) partirent pour al-Basra, ‘Alî (Ibn Abî Tâlib) envoya ‘Ammâr Ibn Yâsir et al-Hasan Ibn ‘Alî (Ibn Abî Tâlib) qui vinrent nous trouver à Koûfa. Lorsqu’ils arrivèrent, ils entrèrent dans la mosquée et montèrent sur le minbar, al-Hasan (Ibn ‘Alî) se tenant en haut des marches et ‘Ammâr (Ibn Yâsir) en bas. Ce dernier se leva pour prendre la parole et nous nous rapprochâmes autour de lui. J’ai alors entendu ‘Ammâr dire :
« Sachez que ‘Â’icha est partie pour al-Basra. Par Dieu, elle est bien l’épouse de votre Prophète (sawas) en ce bas monde comme dans l’Au-delà. Seulement, Dieu -Béni et le Très Haut- désire vous soumettre à l’épreuve pour voir à qui, de Lui ou d’elle, vous allez obéir. »

Sahih Al-Bukhari – Edition Al Qalam – Tome 5 – Hadith 7101 page 236

Sanad : Aboû Nou‘aym (al-Fadl Ibn Doukayn) nous a rapporté que Ibn Abî Ghaniyya (‘Abd al-Malik Ibn Houmayd al-Khouzâ‘î) nous a rapporté selon al-Hakam (Ibn ‘Outayba al-Kindî al-Koûfî) selon Aboû Wâ’il (Chaqîq Ibn Salama) qui dit :
Matn : ‘Ammâr (Ibn Yâsir) se tint un jour sur le minbar de la mosquée de Koûfa et dit en évoquant ‘Â’icha et son mouvement : « Par Dieu je le jure, elle est bien l’épouse de votre Prophète (sawas) en ce bas monde comme dans l’Au-delà. Seulement, Dieu a décidé d’en faire une épreuve pour vous. »

The History of Al-Tabari – Volume 16 – The Community Divided – Page 61

Then the followers of ‘Uthmàn b. Hunayf split into two. One group said: « By Allàh! She is correct and has spoken the truth. By Allah! Her advice is acceptable. » But the others said: « By Allah! You ail lie. We don’t accept what you say. » Then they threw dirt at one another and pelted one another with stones, raising an uproar.
When ‘A’ishah saw this, she went down, as did the people on the right flank. They went away from ‘Uthman to take up a position in al-Mirbad at the tanners’ location. The followers of ‘Uthman remained where they were, pushing and shoving each other until they separated. Some went down to ‘A’ishah; others stayed with ‘Uthman at the entrance to the road. ‘Uthman b. Hunayf and his followers then took up a position at the entrance to the road— the road leading to the mosque—on the right of the tanners’ location, where they confronted their opponents and barred them from its entrance.
According to Nasr b. Muzàhim—Sayf—Sahl b. Yüsuf—al-Qasim b. Muhammad: Jariyah b. Qudamah al-Sa’dï came up and said: « Mother of the Faithful! By Allàh! The killing of ‘Uthmàn b. ‘Affàn is a lesser matter than your coming out from your house on this accursed camel, exposing yourself to armed combat! Allah curtained you off and gave you sanctity. You have tom down the curtain and profaned your sanctity. Anyone who thinks you should be fought also thinks you should be killed. If you have come to us obedient, then return home! If you have been forced by someone to come to us, then seek help from the people [against him]! »

The History of Al-Tabari – Volume 16 – The Community Divided – Page 164

The Number of Fatalities at the Battle of the Camel
According to al-Sari (in writing)—Shu’ayb—Sayf—Muhammad and Talhah: Those killed at the Battle of the Camel around the camel numbered 10 000, half from ‘Ali’s followers and half from ‘A’ishah’s. Two thousand Azdïs fell plus 500 from the rest of al-Yaman. Two thousand from Mudar fell plus 500 from Qays, 500 from Tamïm, 1,000 from Banu Pabbah, and 500 from Bakr b. Wa’il.

It was said that in the first battle 5 000 Basrans were killed and a further 5,000 in the second battle, totaling 10,000 Basran fatalities and 5,000 Kufans.
Seventy elders of Banu ‘Adï were killed that day, ail of whom were well versed in the Qur’an. Youths and men who were not so well versed in the Qur’àn were also killed. ‘A’ishah said, « I was still hoping for victory until I hcard the voices of Banu ‘Adi subside. »