Hadiths sur l’histoire de Fadak, don ou héritage

Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti – Tafsir al-Dhurr al-Manthurr – Tome 7 – Page 320

… De Abi Sa’id al-Khudry, lorsque le verset [Et donne au proche parent ce qui lui est dû] est descendu, le prophète a appelé Fatima et lui a donné Fadak.

Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti – Tafsir al-Dhurr al-Manthurr – Tome 7 – Page 321

De Ibn ‘Abass, lorsque le verset [Et donne au proche parent ce qui lui est dû] est descendu, le prophète a donné Fadak à Fatima !

Sahih Al-Bukhari – Edition Al Qalam – Tome 2 – Hadith 3092 page 955

Sanad : Abd al- Aziz Ibn Abdallah (Ibn Yahya al-üuwaysi al-Madam) nous a rapporté disant que Ibrâhîm Ibn Sa‘d (Ibn Ibrâhîm Ibn ‘Abd ar-Rahmân Ibn ‘Awf az-Zouhrî) nous a rapporté selon Sâlih (Ibn Kaysân al-Ghifârî) selon Ibn Chihâb (az-Zouhrî, Mohammad Ibn Mouslim) disant que ‘Orwa Ibn az-Zoubayr m’a informé disant que ‘Â’icha (la mère des croyants) (Dieu en soit satisfait) l’a informé disant que :
Matn : Fâtima (Dieu en soit satisfait), la fille du Prophète (sawas), demanda à Aboû Bakr as-Siddîq sa part d’héritage de son père, sur le fay’ (butin accordé sans livrer bataille) que Dieu lui accorda.

Sahih Al-Bukhari – Edition Al Qalam – Tome 2 – Hadith 3093 pages 955, 956

Sanad (identique au hadîth précédent n° 3092) : [‘Abd al-‘Azîz Ibn ‘Abdallah (Ibn Yahyâ al-Ouwaysî al-Madanî) nous a rapporté disant que Ibrâhîm Ibn Sa‘d (Ibn Ibrâhîm Ibn ‘Abd ar-Rahmân Ibn ‘Awf az-Zouhrî) nous a rapporté selon Sâlih (Ibn Kaysân al-Ghifârî) selon Ibn Chihâb (az-Zouhrî, Mohammad Ibn Mouslim) disant que ‘Orwa Ibn az-Zoubayr m’a informé disant que ‘Â’icha (la mère des croyants) (Dieu en soit satisfait) l’a informé disant que].
Matn : Aboû Bakr as-Siddîq dit à Fâtima : « Le Prophète (sawas) dit : « Nous (les prophètes), nous ne sommes pas hérités. Tout ce que nous laissons après nous est distribué en aumône. »
Fâtima la fille du Prophète (sawas) se fâcha et bouda Aboû Bakr (le calife) et cela jusqu’à ce qu’elle mourut. Elle ne survécut que six mois au Prophète (sawas) !
Poursuivant son hadîth, ‘A’icha dit : « Fâtima revendiqua sa part de la succession du Prophète (sawas) : – sa part du cinquième du butin de Khaybar, – sa part sur ce qui lui revenait de la terre de Fadak, et – sa part de l’aumône telle que le Prophète (sawas) la donnait aux pauvres de Médine (voir commentaire en fin de hadîth).
Aboû Bakr rejeta la requête de Fâtima et dit : « Je ne délaisserai jamais une pratique admise par le Prophète (sawas). Je m’y conformerai, par crainte de m’égarer si je m’en éloigne ! »
(A l’avènement de son califat) ‘Omar Ibn al-Khattâb remit l’avoir à Médine du Prophète (sawas) à ‘Alî (Ibn Abî Talib) et à ‘Abbâs. Quant à celui de Fadak, il le retint de par lui, disant qu’il était pour répondre aux besoins du Prophète (sawas) et à ses imprévus ; et il échoyait donc à son représentant (le calife).
Ces deux avoirs ne cessent d’être ainsi jusqu’à ce jour, dit Ibn Chihâb az-Zouhrî.
Al-Boukhârî s’arrête ensuite sur des explications lexicales.

Sahih Al-Bukhari – Edition Al Qalam – Tome 3 – Hadith 3711 page 152

Sanad : Aboû al-Yamân (al-Hakam Ibn Nâfi’ al-Himsî) nous a rapporté disant que Chou‘ayb (Ibn Abî Hamza al-Himsî) nous a informés selon (Ibn Chihâb) az-Zouhrî (Mohammad Ibn Mouslim) qui dit : ‘Orwa Ibn az-Zoubayr m’a rapporté selon ‘Â’icha (la mère des croyants) disant que :
Matn : Fâtima envoya, à Aboû Bakr, demander sa part d’héritage du Prophète (sawas) son père, sur le butin que Dieu lui avait délimité, à savoir : sa part’ de l’aumône telle que le Prophète (sawas) la donnait aux pauvres de Médine ; sa part sur ce qui lui revenait de la terre de Fadak, et sa part de ce qui restait du cinquième du butin de Khaybar.

Sahih Al-Bukhari – Edition Al Qalam – Tome 3 – Hadith 3712 page 152, 153

Sanad (identique au hadîth précédent n° 3711) : [Aboû al-Yamân (al-Hakam Ibn Nâfï‘ al-Himsî) nous a rapporté disant que Chou‘ayb (Ibn Abî Hamza al-Himsî) nous a informés selon (Ibn Chihâb) az-Zouhrî (Mohammad Ibn Mouslim) qui dit : ‘Orwa Ibn az-Zoubayr m’a rapporté selon ‘A’icha (la mère des croyants) disant que :].
Matn : (Suite à la requête de Fâtima la fille du Prophète (sawas)) Aboû Bakr répondit : « Le Prophète (sawas) dit : « Nous, les prophètes, nous n’avons pas d’héritiers. Ce que nous laissons après nous, est distribué en aumône. La famille du Prophète (sawas) a le droit d’en profiter sans dépasser ce qui est dévolu à la nourriture. Ce bien est destiné à Dieu. » Je jure, dit Aboû Bakr, de ne rien changer de ce qui était en usage du vivant du Prophète (sawas). Je me conduirai (en matière de gestion des sadaqa) strictement comme il s’était conduit. »
‘Alî prit la parole en prononçant l’attestation de foi et dit : « Nous reconnaissons bien ton mérite, Aboû Bakr ! » Puis il cita leur lien de parenté avec le Prophète (sawas) et les privilèges que cela leur confère.
A cela Aboû Bakr répondit : « Je jure par celui qui commande mon âme, que j’aime faire du bien aux parents du Prophète (sawas) plus qu’aux miens ! »

Sahih Al-Bukhari – Edition Al Qalam – Tome 3 – Hadith 4035 page 370

Sanad : Ibrâhîm Ibn Moûsâ (Ibn Yazîd at-Tamîmî al-Farrâ’) nous a rapporté disant que Hichâm (Ibn Yoûsouf as-San‘ânî) nous a informés disant Ma‘mar (Ibn Râchid al-Azdî al-Basrî) nous a informés selon (Ibn Chihâb) az-Zouhrî (Mohammad Ibn Mouslim) selon ‘Orwa (Ibn az-Zoubayr) selon ‘A’icha (la mère des croyants) qui dit :
Matn : Fâtima et al-‘Abbâs (la fille et l’oncle du Prophète (sawas)) allèrent demander à Aboû Bakr as-Siddîq (calife) leur héritage du Prophète (sawas) : leurs parts sur ce qui revient de la terre de Fadak, et leurs parts (du cinquième du butin) de Khaybar !

Sahih Al-Bukhari – Edition Al Qalam – Tome 3 – Hadith 4036 page 370, 371

Sanad (identique au hadîth précédent n° 4035) : [Ibrâhîm Ibn Moûsâ (Ibn Yazîd at-Tamîmî al-Farrâ’) nous a rapporté disant que Hichâm (Ibn Yoûsouf as-San‘ânî) nous a informés disant Ma‘mar (Ibn Râchid al-Azdî al-Basrî) nous a informés selon (Ibn Chihâb) az-Zouhrî (Mohammad Ibn Mouslim) selon ‘Orwa (Ibn az-Zoubayr) selon ‘Â’icha (la mère des croyants) qui dit].
Matn : Aboû Bakr as-Siddîq (Dieu en soit satisfait) dit1 : J’ai entendu le prophète (sawas) dire : « nous les prophètes, on n’hérite pas de nous ; ce que nous laissons après nous est distribué en aumône. La famille du Prophète (sawas) a le droit d’en profiter, ce qui est dévolu à la nourriture. »
Je jure par Dieu, ajouta Aboû Bakr, que j’aime faire du bien aux parents du Prophète (sawas) plus qu’aux miens !

Sahih Al-Bukhari – Edition Al Qalam – Tome 3 – Hadith 4240 et 4241 page 510, 511, 512

Sanad : Yahya Ibn Boukayr (al-Misrî) nous a rapporté disant que al-Layth (Ibn Sa‘d al-Misrî) nous a rapporté selon ‘Ouqayl (Ibn Khâlid al-Aylî l’affranchi de ‘Othmân Ibn ‘Affân) selon Ibn Chihâb (az-Zouhrî, Mohammad Ibn Mouslim) selon ‘Orwa (Ibn az-Zoubayr) selon ‘A’icha (la mère des croyants) qui dit :
Matn : Fâtima la fille du Prophète (sawas) envoya, à Aboû Bakr, demander sa part d’héritage de son père, sur le fay’ (butin que Dieu lui a accordé sans livrer bataille), à savoir : sa part (de la zakât telle que le Prophète (sawas) la donnait aux pauvres) de Médine, sa part (sur ce qui lui revenait de la terre) de Fadak, et sa part de ce qui restait du cinquième du butin de Khaybar. Aboû Bakr répondit : le Prophète (sawas) dit : « Nous, les prophètes, nous n’avons pas d’héritiers. Ce que nous laissons après nous est distribué en aumône. La famille du Prophète (sawas) a le droit d’en profiter sans dépasser ce qui est dévolu à la nourriture ». Je jure, dit Aboû Bakr, de ne rien changer de ce qui était en usage du vivant du Prophète (sawas). Je me conduirai (en matière de gestion des sadaqa) strictement comme il s’était conduit.
Ainsi Aboû Bakr refusa de répondre à la requête de Fâtima, qui en fut très touchée. Elle coupa tout contact avec lui, et ne lui adressa plus la parole jusqu’à sa mort ! Fâtima mourut six mois après la perte du Prophète (sawas). Ce fut ‘Alî son mari qui l’enterra de nuit, et lui fit la prière mortuaire, sans en informer (le calife) Aboû Bakr !
Du vivant de Fâtima, les gens manifestaient du respect pour ‘Alî. Quand elle mourut, il remarqua un changement dans leur comportement envers lui ! Alors il chercha un arrangement avec Aboû Bakr pour lui signifier son allégeance, alors qu’il avait refusé sa souveraineté tous ces derniers mois ! Il envoya demander à Aboû Bakr de venir vers lui, sans se faire accompagner, évitant par là la présence de ‘Omar Ibn al-Khattâb !
« Non, par Dieu, tu n’iras pas seul chez eux ! lui dit ‘Omar. — Qu’est-ce qu’ils pourront me faire ! dit Aboû Bakr. Par Dieu, j’irai seul ! »
Aboû Bakr se rendit auprès de ‘Alî Ibn Abî Tâlib. ‘Alî prit la parole en prononçant l’attestation de foi et dit : « Nous reconnaissons bien ton mérite, Aboû Bakr, et nous reconnaissons l’avantage que Dieu t’a donné ! Nous ne t’envions aucun bien dont Dieu te pourvoit. Mais nous considérions que tu t’étais approprié le pouvoir qui nous revenait, et nous voyions que notre lien de parenté avec le Prophète (sawas) nous conférait quelques privilèges ! »
En écoutant ‘Alî, les yeux d’Aboû Bakr se remplirent de larmes !
Quand il prit la parole, Aboû Bakr dit : « Je jure par celui qui commande mon âme, que j’aime faire du bien aux parents du Prophète (sawas) plus qu’aux miens ! Mais les discordes sont apparues entre nous au sujet de ces biens (visant leur part d’héritage), je jure que je n’ai pas manqué de les gérer dans la bienfaisance tel que le Prophète (sawas) faisait ; je n’ai pas laissé une quelconque affaire que le Prophète (sawas) traitait avec ce bien que je n’aie pas faite ! »
‘Alî dit alors à Aboû Bakr : « Notre rendez-vous sera l’après-midi pour t’annoncer (en public) mon allégeance ! »
Quand Aboû Bakr finit de présider la prière du dhouhr, il monta sur le minbar, prononça la formule de foi, puis souleva l’affaire de ‘Alî et son manquement d’annoncer son allégeance. Il lui excusa ce comportement en parlant de ses motivations, puis il demanda le pardon de Dieu. Alors ‘Alî prit la parole en commençant par la formule de foi, parla des grands mérites d’Aboû Bakr et de ses avantages sur les autres fidèles. Il expliqua que son comportement n’était pas dicté par la jalousie, ni une méconnaissance des mérites que Dieu lui a conféré, mais, dit-il, nous considérions que le pouvoir que s’était approprié Aboû Bakr, nous revenait ! C’est pourquoi cela nous est resté sur le cœur ! »
Les musulmans furent réjouis du revirement de ‘Alî, et lui dirent : « Tu as bien fait », et furent plus proches de lui depuis qu’il s’est conformé aux bonnes règles.

Sahih Al-Bukhari – Edition Al Qalam – Tome 4 – Hadith 6725 page 1029

Sanad : ‘Abdallah Ibn Mohammad (Aboû Ja‘far al-Jou‘fï al-Mousnadî) nous a rapporté que Hichâm (Ibn Yoûsouf as-San‘ânî) nous a rapporté que Ma‘mar (Ibn Râchid al-Azdî al-Basrî) nous a informés selon (Ibn Chihâb) az-Zouhrî (Mohammad Ibn Mouslim) selon ‘Orwa (Ibn az-Zoubayr Ibn al-‘Awwâm) selon ‘Â’icha (épouse du Prophète)
que :
Matn : Fâtima (fille du Prophète) et al-‘Abbâs (Ibn ‘Abd al-Mouttalib) (la paix soit sur eux) vinrent demander au calife Aboû Bakr (as-Siddîq) leur part de l’héritage du Prophète (sawas) : leur part sur ce qui leur revenait de la terre de Fadak et leur part (du cinquième du butin) de Khaybar. »

Sahih Al-Bukhari – Edition Al Qalam – Tome 4 – Hadith 6726 page 1029, 1030

Sanad (identique au hadîth précédent n° 6725) : [‘Abdallah Ibn Mohammad (Aboû Ja‘far al-Jou‘fî al-Mousnadî) nous a rapporté que Hichâm (Ibn Yoûsouf as-San’ânî) nous a rapporté que Ma‘mar (Ibn Râchid al-Azdî al-Basrî) nous a informés selon (Ibn Chihâb) az-Zouhrî (Mohammad Ibn Mouslim) selon ‘Orwa (Ibn az-Zoubayr Ibn al-‘Awwâm) selon ‘Â’icha (épouse du Prophète)].
Matn : Alors, Aboû Bakr leur (Fâtima, fille du Prophète (sawas) et al-‘Abbâs Ibn ‘Abd al-Mouttalib) dit : J’ai entendu le Prophète (sawas) dire : « Nous (les prophètes), on n’hérite pas de nous. Ce que nous laissons est distribué en aumône. La famille de Mohammad a le droit d’en profiter sans dépasser ce qui est dévolu à la nourriture. »
Aboû Bakr continua : Par Dieu, jamais je ne délaisserai une chose que j’ai vu le Prophète (sawas) lui-même pratiquer.
Fâtima coupa tout contact avec lui, et ne lui adressa plus jamais la parole jusqu’à sa mort (à elle).

Sahih Muslim – Volume 5 – Hadith 4580 pages 46, 47, 48

[4580] 52 – (1759) It was narrated from ‘Âishah that Fâtimah, the daughter of the Messenger of Allâh ig, sent word to Abû Bakr As-Siddîq, asking for her inheritance from the Messenger of Allâh sawas, from the booty that Allâh had granted him in Al-Madînah and Fadak, and what was left of the booty of Khaibar. Abû Bakr said: The Messenger of Allâh sawas said: “We (Prophets) have no heirs and whatever we leave behind is charity. Rather the family of Muhammad may live on the income of these properties.” By Allâh, I will not change any of the charity of the Messenger of Allâh sawas from how it was at the time of the Messenger of Allâh «it, and I will do the same with it as the Messenger of Allâh sawas did. Abû Bakr refused to give Fâtimah anything, and Fâtimah felt angry with Abû Bakr for that, and she forsook him and did not speak to him until she died, and she lived for six months after the Messenger of Allâh sawas. When she died, her husband ‘Alî bin Abî Tâlib buried her at night, and did not tell Abû Bakr about that, and ‘Alî offered the funeral prayer for her. ‘Alî was held in special esteem among the people during Fâtimah’s lifetime, but when she died, ‘Alî noticed a change in the people’s attitude towards him. He sought to
reconcile with Abû Bakr and swear allegiance to him, as he had not sworn allegiance to him all those months. He sent word to Abû Bakr saying: Come to us and do not bring anyone else with you – objecting to the presence of ‘Umar bin Al-Khattâb. ‘Umar said to Abû Bakr: By Allâh, you should not enter upon them alone. Abû Bakr said: What will they do to me? By Allâh, I will go to them. So Abû Bakr entered upon them, and ‘Alî bin Abî Tâlib recited the Tashah-hud, then he said: O Abû Bakr, we acknowledge your virtue and what Allâh has given you. We do not envy you for any favor that Allâh has bestowed upon you, but you did it without Consulting us and we thought that we had the right (to be consulted) because of our kinship with the Messenger of Allâh sawas. He kept speaking to Abû Bakr until Abû Bakr’s eyes filled with tears. When Abû Bakr spoke, he said: By the One in Whose Hand is my soul, kinship with the Messenger of Allâh sawas is dearer to me than kinship with my own people. As for this dispute that occurred between me and you concerning these properties, I have not deviated from the right path with regard to them, and I have not given up something that I saw the Messenger of Allâh sawas do with them, rather I have done it too. ‘Alî said to Abû Bakr: Your appointaient for my oath of allegiance is this afternoon. When Abû Bakr had prayed Zuhr, he ascended the Minbar and recited the Tashah-hud, and he spoke of ‘Alî and his delay in swearing allegiance, and the excuse that he had given, then he prayed for his forgiveness. And ‘Alî bin Abî Tâlib recited the Tashah-hud and spoke highly of Abû Bakr, and said that what he had done was not due to jealousy of Abû Bakr, or a refusai to accept the favor that Allâh had bestowed upon him, but we thought that we should have had a share in the matter, but it had been decided without Consulting us, and we were upset with that. The Muslims were pleased with this and said: You have done the right thing. Then the Muslims became doser to ‘Alî, when he did the right thing.

Musnad Imam Ahmad Bin Hanbal – Edition Darussalam – Volume 1 – Hadith 25 pages 41, 42

25. ‘Urwah bin az-Zubair narrated that ‘A’ishah, the wife of the Prophet sawas, told him that Fatimah, the daughter of the Messenger of Allah sawas, asked Abu Bakr, after the death of the Messenger of Allah sawas, to give her her share of inheritance from that which the Messenger of Allah had left behind, of the fai’ that Allah had bestowed upon him. Abu Bakr said to her: The Messenger of Allah sawas said: « Our (Prophets’) property is not to be inherited and whatever we leave behind is charity. » Fatimah (as) got angry and kept away from Abu Bakr and she continued to do so until she died. Fatimah lived for six months after the Messenger of Allah and she used to ask Abu Bakr for her share of that which the Messenger of Allah sawas had left behind of Khaibar and Fadak, and his charitable endowments in Madinah, but Abu Bakr refused to give her that. He said: I will not
stop doing something that the Messenger of Allah sawas used to do; rather I will continue to do it. I am afraid that if I give up something that he did, I will go astray. As for his charitable endowment in Madinah, ‘Umar gave it to ‘Ali and ‘Abbas, but ‘Ali took most of it. As for Khaibar and Fadak, ‘Umar kept them and said: They are the charitable endowment of the Messenger of Allah and were spent on his responsibilities and on emergencies. They were to be cared for by whoever became caliph, and this remains the case until today.

Musnad Imam Ahmad Bin Hanbal – Edition Darussalam – Volume 1 – Hadith 55 pages 53, 54

55. It was narrated from ‘Urwah bin az-Zubair that ‘A’ishah the wife of the Prophet sawas told him: Fatimah the daughter of the Messenger of Allah sent word to Abu Bakr as-Siddeeq asking for her inheritance from the Messenger of Allah sawas, of the fai’ that Allah had granted to him in Madinah and Fadak, and what was left of the khumus of Khaibar. Abu Bakr said: The Messenger of Allah sawas said: « We (Prophets) are not to be inherited from and whatever we leave behind is charity. Rather the family of Muhammad may take their provision from this wealth. » By Allah, I will not change any of the charity of the Messenger of Allah sawas from how it was at the
time of the Messenger of Allah and I will do the same with it as the Messenger of Allah did. So Abu Bakr refused to give anything of it to Fatimah, and Fatimah was upset with Abu Bakr because of that. Abu Bakr said: By the One in Whose hand is my soul, the relatives of the Messenger of Allah sawas are dearer to me than my own relatives. As for the dispute between me and you concerning this wealth, I did not deviate from the truth concerning them and I will not leave anything that I saw the Messenger of Allah sawas do but I will do it the way he did it.

Musnad Imam Ahmad Bin Hanbal – Edition Darussalam – Volume 1 – Hadith 58 page 55

58. It was narrated from ‘A’ishah that Fatimah and al-‘Abbas came to Abu Bakr, seeking their inheritance from the Messenger of Allah sawas. At that time they were seeking his land in Fadak and his share of Khaibar. Abu Bakr said to them: I heard the Messenger of Allah say: « We (Prophets) are not to be inherited from and whatever we leave behind is charity. Rather the family of Muhammad sawas may take their provision from this wealth. » By Allah, I will not leave anything that I saw the Messenger of Allah do with it but I will do it too.

Musnad Imam Ahmad Bin Hanbal – Edition Darussalam – Volume 1 – Hadith 60 page 56

60. It was narrated from Abu Salamah that Fatimah said to Abu Bakr: Who will inherit from you if you die? He said: My children and my wife. She said: Then why can’t we inherit from the Prophet sawas? He said: I heard the Prophet sawas say: « The Prophet is not to be inherited from. » But I will sponsor those whom the Messenger of Allah sawas used to sponsor and I will spend on those on whom the Messenger of Allah used to spend.
Comments: [Saheeh lighairihi; Abu Salamah did not meet Abu Bakr]

Musnad Imam Ahmad Bin Hanbal – Edition Darussalam – Volume 2 – Hadith 1781 pages 205, 206

1781. Malik bin Aws bin al-Hadathan an-Nasri narrated that ‘Umar called him… and he
narrated the hadeeth. He said:
Whilst I was with him, his
doorkeeper Yarfa’ came and said: Will you give permission for ‘Uthman, ‘Abdur-Rahman, az-Zubair and Sa’d to enter? He said: Yes. So he admitted them. Then after a while he came and said: Will you give permission for ‘Ali and ‘Abbas to enter? He said: Yes. So he gave them permission to enter. When they came in, ‘Abbas said: O Ameer al-Mu’mineen, judge between me and this one – meaning ‘Ali. They were disputing about as-Sawafi (some property) which Allah had granted as booty to His Messenger from the property of
Banun-Nadeer. The people said: O Ameer al-Mu’mineen, judge between them and let them settle the matter. ‘Umar said: Wait a minute. I adjure you by Allah, by Whose leave heaven and Earth exist, do you know that the Prophet (sawas) said: « We are not to be inherited from; what we leave behind is charity, » referring to himself? They said: He did say that. Then ‘Umar turned to ‘Ali and al-‘Abbas and said: I adjure you by Allah, do you know that the Prophet (sawas) said that? They said: Yes. He said: I shall tell you about this matter: Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, bestowed upon His Messenger of this fai’ that which He did not bestow upon anyone else. And he said: « And what Allah gave as booty (Fai’) to His Messenger (Muhammad sawas) from them – for this you made no expedition with either cavalry or camelry. But Allah gives power to His Messengers over whomsoever He wills. And Allah is Able to do all things » [al-Hashr 59:6], That was exclusively for the Messenger of Allah (sawas). Moreover, by Allah, he did not take it and exclude you and he did not prefer himself over you with regard to it. He gave it to you and distributed it among you until all there was left of it was this property. The Messenger of Allah (sawas) used to take the annual expenditure of his family from this property, then he would take whatever was left and regard it as wealth belonging to Allah. The Messenger of Allah (sawas) did that during his lifetime, then the Messenger of Allah (sawas) died and Abu Bakr said: I am the successor of the Messenger of Allah (sawas), so Abu Bakr took control of it and did the same with it as the Messenger of Allah (sawas) had done.

Musnad Imam Ahmad Bin Hanbal – Edition Darussalam – Volume 2 – Hadith 1782 page 206, 207, 208

1782. Malik bin Aws bin al-Hadathan an-Nasri narrated… and he mentioned the same hadeeth. He said: Whilst we were sitting with him, his doorkeeper Yarfa’ came to him and said to ‘Umar: Will you give permission to ‘Uthman, ‘Abdur-Rahman, Sa’d and az-
Zubair to come in? He said: Yes, let them in. So they came in and greeted him and sat down. Then after a while Yarfa’ said to ‘Umar: Will y ou give permission to ‘Ali and ‘Abbas to enter? He said: Yes, let them in. When they came in, they sat down and Abbas said: O Ameer al-Mu’mineen, judge between me and ‘Ali. The people, ‘Uthman and his companions, said: Judge between them and let them settle the matter. ‘Umar said: Wait a minute. I adjure you by Allah, by Whose leave heaven and earth exist, do you know that the Prophet (sawas) said: « We are not to be inherited from; what we leave behind is charity, » referring to himself? They said: He did say that. Then ‘Umar tumed to ‘Ali and al-‘Abbas and said: I adjure you by Allah, do you know that the Prophet (sawas) said that? They said: He did say that. ‘Umar said: I shall tell you about this matter: Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, bestowed this fai’ exclusively upon His Messenger. And Allah, may He be exalted, said: « And what Allah gave as booty (Fai’) to His Messenger (Muhammad (sawas)) from them – for this you made no expedition with either cavalry or camelry. But Allah gives power to His Messenger s over whomsoever He wills. And Allah is Able to do all things » [al-Hashr 59:6], This verse was only for the Messenger of Allah (sawas). Moreover, by Allah, he did not keep it for himself and he did not prefer himself over you with regard to it. gave it to you and distributed it among you until there was left of it this property. The Messenger of Allah (sawas) used to take the annual expenditure of his family from this property, then he would take whatever was left and regard it as wealth belonging to Allah. The Messenger of Allah (sawas) did that during his lifetime. I adjure you by Allah, do you know this? They said: Yes. He said to ‘Ali and ‘Abbas: I adjure you by Allah, do you know this? They said: Yes. Then the Messenger of Allah (sawas) died, and Abu Bakr said: I am the successor of the Messenger of Allah (sawas), so Abu Bakr took control of it and did the same with it as the Messenger of Allah (sawas) had done. And now you – and he tumed to ‘Ali and ‘Abbas – are claiming that Abu Bakr did such and such, but Allah knows best that he was sincere, righteous and guided to the truth in the way he dealt with it.